Birdlife Worldwide condemns a severe state of affairs for the atmosphere and wild birds all over the world
[28 Settembre 2022]
In response to the brand new dramatic relationship “State of the World chook” Birdlife Worldwide’s “One in 8 chook species is in peril of extinction as a result of growth and intensification of agriculture, deforestation and local weather change.”
The brand new version of “The State of the World’s Birds”, the world’s most necessary four-year report on avifauna, examined some 11,000 chook species and, as Lipu-BirdLife Italia explains, relaunches it in our nation « the report tells us birds concerning the state of nature, pressures, obtainable options. and summarizes what he stated about what is required. There are 1,409 chook species thought-about threatened by the IUCN Pink Checklist, of which 755 are Susceptible, 423 Endangered and 231 Critically Endangered.
Presently, virtually half of the world’s chook species are reducing, whereas solely 6% are rising. Whereas knowledge on long-term developments in chook populations are most full for Europe and North America, there may be rising proof that declines have occurred worldwide, from forest and wetland species in Japan to raptors in Kenya. The growth and intensification of agriculture is the primary menace to birds all over the world, affecting 73% of all threatened species. Elevated mechanization, use of agrochemicals and conversion of grassland to cultivated land has resulted in a 57% decline in agricultural habitat birds in Europe since 1980.
Birdlife Worldwide and Lipu cite the instance of Ethiopia, the place since 2007 the lack of meadows and pastures in favor of farmland has resulted in an 80% discount within the variety of the Libyan lark, an endemic species discovered nowhere else on this planet. planet.
The report notes that unsustainable logging and forest administration can be a significant problem, with greater than 7 million hectares of forest loss affecting half of all threatened chook species annually. One other main menace comes from local weather change, which is already having devastating results on birds all over the world, affecting 34% of threatened species and tending to accentuate very quickly.
General, the report concludes: “Probably the most necessary actions to take is the safety, security and efficient administration of the areas most important to birds and biodiversity. With that in thoughts, the Conference on Organic Range (CBD COP 15) assembly later this 12 months might be a pivotal second for birds and all nature as governments come collectively to finalize and undertake the International Framework for Biodiversity.”
Patricia Zurita, managing director of BirdLife Worldwide, could be very involved: “Birds inform us concerning the well being of our pure atmosphere: we ignore their messages. As human-transformed ecosystems wrestle to adapt to local weather change, many components of the world are experiencing excessive fires, droughts, warmth waves and floods. Whereas the Covid pandemic and the worldwide price of dwelling disaster have undoubtedly distracted consideration from the environmental agenda, the worldwide group should concentrate on the biodiversity disaster.
State of the World’s Birds 2022 It additionally demonstrates the options wanted to handle the biodiversity disaster, a lot of that are being carried out all over the world: «It’s vital to guard and protect necessary pure areas, restore broken ecosystems and fight main threats to birds and biodiversity. Probably the most pressing actions is the safety, security and efficient administration of probably the most vital areas for birds and biodiversity – the Vital Chook and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs) of which greater than 13,600 have been recognized by BirdLife Worldwide. IBAs kind the core of a wider community of key biodiversity areas and are more and more used to designate protected areas. They are going to be significantly necessary to make sure that efforts to broaden protected areas to cowl 30% of land and sea, as envisioned within the European Biodiversity Technique, goal an important locations.”
“Regardless of the determined state of affairs through which the pure world finds itself, the numerous actions taken have been efficient and have made it doable to avoid wasting species and save nature. Since 2013, 726 globally threatened chook species have straight benefited from BirdLife partnership actions, and greater than 450 Vital Chook and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs) have been recognized as protected areas by BirdLife Companions’ advocacy efforts. Latest examples are the designation of the North Atlantic Present and Evlanov Sea (Naces) basin as a Marine Protected Space (MDA) in October 2021. It covers an space the scale of France and is residence to as much as 5 million seabirds from 21 completely different species. . That is the primary Marine Protected Space on the excessive seas recognized primarily based on survey knowledge. One other instance is the Mar Chiquita Lagoon, an IBA in Argentina that’s residence to greater than half one million migratory waterfowl, together with the Andean flamingo (susceptible), and was protected as Ansenuza Nationwide Park in 2022 after a protracted research by Aves. Argentines (accomplice of BirdLife)».
Stuart Butchart, principal investigator at BirdLife Worldwide, concludes: “Birds signify an extinction disaster with at the least 187 species confirmed or suspected to be extinct since 1500. The state of affairs is undeniably dire, however we all know reverse it. “Our analysis reveals that between 21 and 32 chook species have gone extinct with out conservation efforts to avoid wasting them since 1993. Species just like the California vulture, northern bald ibis and black knight would now not exist. If we give nature an opportunity, it could get better.”
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